Cattle Breeds

  • Friesians have been selectively bred to be high producing dairy cattle, efficiently converting grass into large volumes of milk. They have black and white patchy coats and large udders. They are also known as Holstein cattle or Holstein-Friesian cattle, and they were bred around two thousand years ago in the region that is now the northern part of the Netherlands. A few of the older cows at West Town Farm are Friesians that were kept when the dairy herd was sold. These were kept as they are good mothers, and they now produce Hereford Cross calves every year.

  • Herefords have been selectively bred to be good beef producers. They have thickset muscular bodies, chestnut brown coats and white faces. They were originally bred in the eighteenth century in Herefordshire in England. They produce good quality beef without needing high protein diets, doing well on traditional feed: grass, hay, silage and even straw. Theyalso have a docile temperament (even the bulls!) and are known to be easy breeders and easy calvers. You will see a pure-bred Hereford if you see one of the two West Town farm bulls.  

  • Hereford Cross cattle can be back, brown or patchy, but they always have the distinctive white face. The majority of the cattle seen at West Town Farm are Hereford Crosses, because of the mixing of the remains of the dairy herd with the newer Hereford stock. New pedigree Hereford bulls are brought in when needed to keep the gene pool healthy - these are the only cattle bought by the farm, with all others being born and raised here. This means that each generation has more Hereford genes.